When you migrate OBIEE from 10g or 184.108.40.206 or 220.127.116.11 to a newer version it is important to know the supported upgrade paths.
If your objective is version 18.104.22.168.x (for example the latest 22.214.171.124.10) then first you has to go to 126.96.36.199.0. Afterward you can patch the version with opatch to 188.8.131.52.x. This way is described here by Oracle. Bear in mind that all patches are cumulative so you only has to take the latest one.
If your objective is version 184.108.40.206.x then you can directly go to this version. There is no need to take a stopover. This way is described here by Oracle.